It is natural for human beings to have the need to live in a community, or within a neighbourhood, as we tend to rely on each other in our life. It is impossible for a human being to live alone without socialising with others, even though he is a very wealthy and educated person.
In a hadith recorded by Ibn Hibban and narrated by Saad bin Abi Waqas regarding the importance of neighbours, Rasulullah SAW once said: ،Which means: “Four things are part of happiness: a righteous spouse, a spacious dwelling, a righteous neighbour, and a comfortable means of transport. Four things are part of misery: a bad neighbour, a bad spouse, a restrictive dwelling, and a bad means of transport.”
Rasulullah SAW himself is the best example for us with regards to neighbourly virtues. Let us appraise ourselves on how much we have done for our neighbours until today. Have we safeguarded the rights of our neighbours as much as we want them to safeguard our rights as their neighbours?
In reality, good neighbourly practices has evaded us. Perhaps some of us do not even know who our neighbours are. This is the current reality of living in a neighbourhood. There are neighbours who do not acknowledge each other even though they have lived as neighbours for a long time. Therefore, let us endeavour to bridge the relationship with our neighbours. Start with greetings and salutations, offering assistance when needed and sharing experiences about family and life.
Let us reflect on the meaning of verse 36, in Surah an-Nisa, where Allah SWT declared:Which means: “Worship Allah and associate nothing with Him, and to parents do good, and to relatives, orphans, the needy, the near neighbour, the neighbour farther away, the companion at your side, the traveller, and those whom your right hands possess. Indeed, Allah does not like those who are self-deluding and boastful.”
Therefore, let us strive to maintain the manners and neighbourly rights as taught by Islam, by taking the following steps:
First: Always smile, greet and give salutations.
Second: Assist neighbours in trouble. It is one of the rights of a Muslim upon his other Muslim brother. In fact it is one of the greatest rights of our neighbours.
Reflect upon a hadith from Rasulullah SAW, as recorded by Imam Muslim and narrated by Abu Hurairah RA:Which means: "Whoever releases a believer from the difficulties or distress of the world, then Allah SWT will free him from the difficulties of the Day of Judgment."
Third: Protecting the honour and virtue of our neighbours as well as continuously doing good.
This was stated in a hadith recorded by Imam alBukhari and narrated by Abu Syuraih al-`Adawi, where Rasulullah SAW was reported to have said: Which means: “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, let him glorify his neighbour"
According to Sheikh Dr. Abdul Aziz Fauzan in his book "Fiqh al-Ta`amul Ma'an Nas", the Shari'ah has outlined three types of neighbours, namely Muslim neighbours who are also blood relatives, Muslim neighbours who are not blood relatives and non-Muslim neighbours.
The difference between them is that the neighbours in the first category have three rights to be fulfilled, namely their Islamic rights, family rights and neighbourly rights.
As for neighbours in the second category, there are two rights, namely Islamic rights and neighbourly rights, while the nonMuslim neighbours have only one right, which is neighbourly rights. Be kind to your neighbours. Avoid conflicts or negative perceptions in our daily life.
Living in a neighbourhood needs mutual cooperation and understanding in order to achieve community harmony and happiness. As the Malay proverb goes, "Bulat air kerana pembetung, bulat manusia kerana muafakat” which is literally translated into English as “Water is shaped by its container, people are shaped by consensus”.
In conjunction with National Environment Day 2017 which shall be celebrated on 21st October 2017, to invite everyone to strive to preserve and protect the environment that is increasingly being threatened with all forms of pollution and destruction.
Ponder upon what has been stated by Allah SWT in surah ar-Ruum, verse 41: Which means: “Mischief has appeared on land and sea because of (the deed) that the hands of men have earned, that (Allah) may give them a taste of some of their deeds: in order that they may turn back (from Evil).”
The conclusions that can be derived from this Friday’s mimbar are as follows:
First: In Islam, honouring the neighbour is regarded as one of the signs of faith in Allah SWT and the Hereafter.
Second: Appreciate your neighbours by always enquiring about their wellbeing and thanking them for their good graces
Third: Protect our environment by avoiding activities that could result in destruction and pollution.
As declared by Allah SWT in Surah al-Rahman, verse 60 Which means: “Is there any Reward for Good - other than Good?”