July 8th, 2016

Friday Sermon Text The 6-Day Fast Of Syawal

Friday Sermon Text  8 July 2016AD / 3 Syawal 1437H JAWI

The 6-Day Fast Of Syawal


jawi_logo.jpgFirst (1) Syawal 1437H was celebrated with triumph and gratitude. Invocations of takbir, tahmid, tasbih and tahlil were asserted with full appreciation and understanding. Hopefully, with this passage of Ramadan, we can continue to nourish a higher sense of devotion and conviction.

We had undertaken a successful month of fasting during Ramadan. Ramadhan as a month of development and growth (tarbiah) has taught us the perseverance and thoroughness in worship. The fasting we experienced was not just about hunger and thirst, but also involved our senses. Our eyes, ears, hands and feet were also fasting and refrained from the urges of lust and vices. Even our spirit was regulated to always be pure in discharging all instructions and to leave all that have been prohibited.

Ramadan as a month of worship taught us a lot of practices that draws us closer to Allah SWT. During the day in Ramadhan, we fast, and at night we perform the tarawih, witir and hajat prayers, as well as the Qiamullail. Throughout the days and nights of Ramadan, we fill them with religious remembrance, prayers and reading the Al-Quran. Similarly, we also observe other practices such as donations, gifts, alms and the paying of zakat. In fact, Ramadan teaches us to await the time to perform acts of worship, using the Fajr and Maghrib prayers as a measure of the beginning and the end.

Allah SWT stated in a Hadith Qudsi, as recorded by al-Bukhari from Abu Hurairah RA: َأ َح َّّب ِإلَ ٍ ب ِإلََّيّ ل عَبْدِي يَتَقََّرّ ُ ُ ت عَلَيْهِ وَمَا يَزَا ُ وَمَا تَقََّرّ َب ِإلََّيّ عَبْدِي بِشَ ْيء َّيّ مَِّمّا افْتَرَ ْض بِهِ وَ ُ بْصِر ُ الَّّذِي ي ُ ع بِهِ وَبَصَرَه الَّّذِي يَْسمَُ ُ ت سَمْعَه كنْ ُ ُ ُ ه ُ فَِإذَا َأ ْحبَبْت ُ ِحَّبّه بِالَّنّوَافِ ِل َحَّتّى أ َي َََهُ ُّ ُ اَّلّتِي يَمْشِ عِيذََّنّه ُ ش بِهَا وَرِجْلَه أ اَّلّتِي يَبْطِ ُ وَلئَِْن ا ْستَعَاذَنِي لَُّ ُ أ ْعطِيََّنّه ْن َسَألَنِي لَُّ ِ ي بِهَا وَإ  Which means: "There is no taqarrub (closeness) of a servant to Me with anything more I love of worship except with what I've made (obligatory) upon him. My servants should always get closer to me with nawafil (voluntary practices) until I love him and when I love him, I am his hearing, his eyes to look, his arms to beat and his legs to walk. If he asked from Me, I would give, and if he asked for protection from Me I will surely protect him. "

Among the acts of worship that draws us closer to Allah SWT and dedicated specially in the month of Syawal, is the six (6) days of fasting. This special practice or act of worship is required to be performed, as recorded by Imam Muslim from Abu Ayub al-Ansari RA, who narrated that Rasullullah SAW had said: ل كَانَ َك ِصيَا ِم الَّدّهْرِ ٍ ُ ِسًّتّا مِ ْن َشَّوّا َُّمَّأتْبَعَه مَ ْن َصامَ رَمَ َضانَ ث Which means: "Whoever fasts in Ramadan and then followed by fasting six days of Syawal, then he is akin to fasting the whole year."

The reward of a fast that is equivalent to fasting for a year is a special gift offered to those who carry out the six (6) days of fasting during Syawal. According to scholars, the reward of fasting the six (6) days of Syawal is equivalent to a year of obligatory fasting. This is based on the promise of Allah SWT that for every one good deed performed, it will be rewarded ten (10)-fold. The calculation of reward for the obligatory Ramadhan fasting of thirty (30) days per year is a ten (10)-fold reward, equivalent to three hundred (300) days or ten (10) months of fasting. While fasting the six (6) days of Syawal with ten (10) times the reward is equal to sixty (60) days or two months. Therefore, by performing the obligatory thirty (30)-day fast of Ramadan and the six (6)-day fast of Syawal, a person has accumulated the rewards of fasting for a whole year. This is the gift by Allah SWT to His most obedient of servants

There are benefits and advantages of fasting the six (6) days of Syawal. Among them, as stated by Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali and the others, are namely:

First: The six (6)-day fast of Syawal, after the fast of Ramadan, completes the reward equivalent to fasting for a year. Three hundred (300) days is a reward for the thirty (30) days of Ramadan and sixty (60) days is the reward for the six (6)-day fast of Syawal, equivalent to a total of three hundred and sixty (360) days of fasting.

Second: Fasting during the month of Sha'ban and Syawal are similar to the voluntary rawatib prayers before and after obligatory prayers. The advantages of practising voluntary worship and prayers is that it fills and completes any shortcomings of the obligatory practices.

Third: The habit of familiarizing oneself with voluntary fasting is a sign of maqbul or acceptance of the obligatory Ramadan fast. Once Allah SWT accepts one act of good deed or worship, He will simplify all the other acts of good deed or worship of His servant. This is what is meant by "the reward of good is other rewards of good".

Fourth: The six (6)-day fast of Syawal is also a sign of gratitude for Allah SWT’s act of forgiving sins, as promised to His servants who are fasting. It is a monumental gift. Indeed, Rasulullah SAW, whose sins have all been pardoned, expressed gratitude for the graces of Allah SWT, to the point that his legs became swollen due to continuous praying.

Fifth: Fasting is the practice of the pious in expressing gratitude to Allah SWT. Thankful for having the inclination to perform good deeds and then successfully performing the fast and other acts of worship during Ramadan. It was said that there were pious ones who had fast during the day as an act of gratefulness for being able to perform the Qiamullail at night.

The voluntary six (6)-day fast of Syawal can be performed continuously, from the second day until the seventh day of Syawal. It can also be performed on alternate days, or on any six (6) days starting from the second day until the thirtieth (30th) of Syawal. However, it is best performed starting from the second to the seventh day of Syawal, continuously. This six (6)-day fast may also be carried out even if a person has not replaced any missed obligatory fast of Ramadan, based on the proposition put forward that Sayyidatina Aisyah RA performed the replacement fast of Ramadhan later. In fact, according to one opinion in the Shafi'i school, obligatory fasting such as qadha’, nazar, or kafarah can be combined and performed with voluntary fast. But the Shafi’i school also noted that all of them are best performed separately.

Although we follow the view that allows the six (6)-day fast of Syawal to be performed even though replacement of the obligatory fast has not be done, as well as combining the obligatory fast as qadha’ together with the six (6)-day fast of Syawal, the rewards will not be as great, or perfect, as that for those who carry them out separately. But, the mercy and blessings of Allah SWT are wide and plentiful. Therefore, execute and perform our acts of worship and good deeds as best as we can, as long as it they performed and completed with full devotion and sincerity

The conclusions that can be gathered from the sermon today include the following:

First: The arrival of Syawal should be the beginning of a new life for a Muslim who dutifully obeys and devotes himself to Allah SWT.

Second: The six (6)-day fast of Syawal promises special rewards and blessings from Allah SWT to His servants, who perform the obligatory fast of Ramadan and then complementing it with the six (6)-day fast of Syawal.

Third: The six (6)-day fast of Syawal is the fast that fills and completes any shortcomings that occurs during the obligatory Ramadan fast.

Allah SWT declared in Surah al-Taubah, verse 105:  Which means: “And say: "Work (righteousness): Soon will Allah observe your work, and His Messenger, and the Believers: Soon will you be brought back to the knower of what is hidden and what is open: then will He show you the truth of all that you did." ُ

Khutbah Jumaat : “Muhasabah Melalui Tarbiah Madrasah Ramadhan ”

Khutbah Jumaat 08 Julai 2016: JAIS

“Muhasabah Melalui Tarbiah Madrasah Ramadhan ”

Kini Ramadhan telah berlalu dengan meninggalkan seribu satu kenangan manis. Kita masih terasa keseronokan berada dibulan jais.jpgRamadhan dengan pelbagai program dan aktiviti yang dilalui samada bersendirian, bersama keluarga mahupun bersama rakan dalam kariah dimasjid atau surau. Masih terasa seronoknya berbuka puasa secara jamaei, bersedekah dan menyumbang makanan, bersolat jamaah dan tarawih, bertadarus alquraan, beriktikaf di masjid dan lain-lain aktiviti kebajikan.

Ramadhan yang berlalu banyak meninggalkan janji-janji manis kepada jiwa dan hati orang-orang yang beriman. Madrasah Ramadhan adalah pusat latihan bagi memupuk keimanan melalui tarbiyah fizikal dan rohani. Secara zahirnya fizikal orang yang berpuasa adalah lebih baik dari keadaan fizikal orang yang perutnya sentiasa kenyang.

Rasulullah SAW sering memilih berpuasa atau mengosongkan perutnya untuk tujuan beribadah kepada Allah SWT. Ini kerana Baginda menyatakan bahawa perut yang kosong akan memudahkan untuk mengawal hawa nafsu. Sesungguhnya kerosakan dan kebinasaan kepada kehidupan manusia di dunia ini banyak didorong oleh kebejatan hawa nafsu yang tidak terkawal.

Hal ini telah diterangkan oleh Allah SWT dalam al-quran, surah Yusuf ayat 53;“Dan tiadalah Aku berani membersihkan diriku; Sesungguhnya nafsu manusia itu sangat menyuruh melakukan kejahatan, kecuali orang-orang Yang telah diberi rahmat oleh Tuhanku (maka terselamatlah ia dari hasutan nafsu itu). Sesungguhnya Tuhanku Maha Pengampun, lagi Maha Mengasihani”

Solat adalah ibadah utama kepada setiap manusia yang beriman. Madrasah Ramadhan telah mentarbiah kita supaya istiqaamah dalam ibadah solat sunat di samping menunaikan solat yang wajib 5 waktu. Ramai yang berpusa tapi tidak menunaikan solat 5 waktu, demikian juga ramai yang menunaikan solat tarawih tetapi tidak istiqamah menunaikan solat 5 waktu.

Hadis daripada Abu Hurairah RA bahawa Rasulullah SAW bersabda; “Sesungguhnya amalan pertama seseorang hamba yang dihisab pada hari kiamat ialah solatnya”. (Riwayat Abu Daud dan at-Tirmizi).

Bulan Ramadhan juga merupakan bulan al-quran diturunkan. AlQuran adalah kitab panduan untuk memandu hidup manusia didunia dan akhirat. Tidak dinafikan telah menjadi kelaziman masyarak islam bertadarus di bulan Ramadhan untuk meraih pahala yang berganda. Tetapi perlu di sedari bahawa al-quran bukan sekadar dituntut pada bacaan sahaja, ianya perlu difahami, dihayati, diamali, ditekuni dan disebar luaskan ilmunya untuk mendapat keberkatan didunia dan syafaati ilahi di akhirat kelak. Lazimnya mentadarus al-quran hanya dilakukan dibulan Ramadhan sahaja namun sebaliknya ia menjadi sunyi sepi tanpa kedengaran seruan ilahi tersebut pada bulan-bulan yang lain.

Bagaimanakah al-Quran dapat dijadikan panduan dalam menjalani urusan kehidupan pada setiap masa jika ia hanya di ulang baca pada bulan Ramadhan sahaja. Bagaimana manusia dapat menjadikan al-Quran sebagai hakim pemutus dalam segala permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh manusia kalau al-quran hanya ditadaruskan ayat-ayatnya untuk bacaan setahun sekali sahaja.

Ingatlah firman Allah SWT dalam surah al-Nisa’ ayat 65;“Maka Demi Tuhanmu (Wahai Muhammad)! mereka tidak disifatkan beriman sehingga mereka menjadikan Engkau hakim dalam mana-mana perselisihan yang timbul antara mereka, kemudian mereka pula tidak merasa di hati mereka sesuatu keberatan dari apa yang telah Engkau hukumkan, dan mereka menerima keputusan itu dengan sepenuhnya”.

Silaturrahim sesama ummah adalah contoh tauladan dari Rasulullah SAW yang perlu dijadikan ikutan. Orang yang beriman tidak akan membiarkan saudara seagamanya berada dalam kepayahan hidup, kemiskinan dan kejahilan. Melalui madrasah Ramadhan kita dapat lihat di seluruh dunia umat islam berlumba-lumba menyantuni fuqara, masakin dan anak-anak yatim. Jelas kelihatan persaudaraan dan persahabatan terjalin dalam kerjasama berpasukan menyantuni mereka khususnya melalui sedekah dibulan Ramdhan yang di anjurkan oleh masjid-masjid, surau-surau, agensi kerajaan, badan korporat mahupun badan bukan kerajaan. Mudahmudahan mereka tidak hanya dijadikan sebagai alat untuk paparan dimukamuka akhbar atau hanya di lensa televisyen yang ditunjukkan sebagai aktiviti bermusim khususnya di bulan Ramadhan. Ingatlah bahawa Allah SWT menghendaki kita menyantuni mereka yang memerlukan ini sepanjang waktu dengan penuh keikhlasan.

Ini jelas sebagaimana diingatkan kepada kita melalui firman-Nya dalam surah al-insan ayat 8-9;“Mereka juga memberi makan benda-benda makanan Yang dihajati dan disukainya, kepada orang miskin dan anak yatim serta orang tawanan, (sambil berkata Dengan lidah atau Dengan hati): "Sesungguhnya Kami memberi makan kepada kamu kerana Allah semata-mata; Kami tidak berkehendakkan sebarang balasan dari kamu atau ucapan terima kasih”.

Terlalu banyak yang mahu dihayati melalui tarbiyah madrasah Ramadhan bagi mereka yang mahu meneladaninya. Ini kerana sesuatu ibadah yang didatangkan oleh Allah SWT dalam satu pakej seperti Bulan Ramadhan iaitu melalui kewajiban berpuasa, diturunkan Al Quran dan terdapatnya Malam Lailatul Qadr yang lebih baik dari seribu bulan. Maka kewajarannya bagi kita yang berakal seharusnya menyedari ianya bukan suatu bentuk tarbiyah yang boleh dipandang mudah seperti yang kita lalui selama ini.

Firman Allah SWT dalam surah Yusuf ayat 3;“Kami ceritakan kepadamu (Wahai Muhammad) seindah-indah kisah dengan jalan Kami wahyukan kepadamu Al-Quran ini, padahal sebenarnya engkau sebelum datangnya wahyu itu, adalah dari orang-orang yang tidak pernah menyedari akan halnya”.

Mengakhiri khutbah pada hari ini, marilah kita sama-sama mengambil beberapa pengajaran untuk dijadikan panduan.

1. Umat Islam hendaklah memperkukuhkan pegangan akidah pengamalan syariah dan berakhlak dengan akhlak islamiah pada setiap masa.

2. Umat Islam sewajarnya menghayati tarbiah madrasah Ramadhan terutama dalam berakhlak dengan sifat-sifat mahmudah dan menjauhi sifatsifat mazmumah.

3. Umat Islam hendaklah bersabar menghadapi ujian dari Allah seperti mana sabarnya ketika berpuasa dengan menahan diri dari lapar dan dahaga serta tuntutan nafsu syahwat.

4. Umat Islam hendaklah sentiasa menunaikan ibadah sebagai hamba Allah dengan penuh ikhlas dan tawaduk kerana Allah SWT kerana ia adalah syarat utama amalan diterima dan diberi pahala.

“Pada hal mereka tidak diperintahkan melainkan supaya menyembah Allah Dengan mengikhlaskan Ibadat kepadaNya, lagi tetap teguh di atas tauhid; dan supaya mereka mendirikan sembahyang serta memberi zakat. dan Yang demikian itulah ugama Yang benar”. (al-Baiyinah ; 5).