May 25th, 2018

Khutbah Jumaat : “Kewajipan Menunaikan Zakat Fitrah”

Petikan Khutbah Jumaat 25 Mei 2018M / 09 Ramadhan 1439H:JAIS

“Kewajipan Menunaikan Zakat Fitrah”

Mengeluarkan zakat merupakan salah satu daripada Rukun Islam dan ianya adalah satu kewajipan syarak dan tanggungjawab sosial.
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Zakat yang wajib ditunaikan ada dua jenis iaitu zakat fitrah dan zakat harta. Kedua-duanya mempunya kesan dalam pembentukan akhlak manusia.

Merujuk kepada zakat fitrah, ia adalah satu kewajipan bagi setiap individu Muslim menunaikannya dengan menyerahkan makanan asasi segantang Baghdad bersamaan 2.7 kilogram atau RM7 seperti yang diputuskan oleh Jawatankuasa Fatwa Negeri Selangor.

Berdasarkan keputusan Jawatankuasa Fatwa Negeri Selangor juga, umat Islam amat digalakkan untuk menunaikan zakat fitrah mengikut harga beras yang dimakan oleh inidividu dan keluarga.

Galakkan membayar zakat fitrah mengikut harga beras yang dimakan ini adalah berdasarkan kepada hadis Rasulullah SAW yang diriwayatkan oleh Abu Sa’id al-Khudri Radhiallahu Anhu: “Sesungguhnya kami di zaman Rasulullah SAW membayar zakat fitrah satu gantang daripada makanan asasi, dan makanan asasi kami adalah barli, anggur kering, keju dan kurma.” (Riwayat al-Bukhari)

Zakat juga mempunyai matlamat yang amat tinggi bagi kehidupan manusia baik sebagai individu mahupun masyarakat kerana dengan berzakat, harta, jiwa dan masyarakat akan menjadi bersih dan suci. Firman Allah SWT da;am surah al-Taubah ayat 103:“Ambilah sebahagian dari harta mereka menjadi sedekah (zakat), supaya dengannya engkau membersihkan mereka dari dosa dan mensucikan mereka dari akhlak yang buruk...”

Hadis daripada Ibnu Abbas Radhiallahu Anhuma bahawa Rasulullah SAW bersabda:“Rasulullah SAW telah mewajibkan zakat fitrah itu sebagai pembersih bagi orang yang berpuasa dari perbuatan sia-sia dan dari perkataan yang keji dan untuk memberi makan orang miskin. Sesiapa yang mengeluarkannya sebelum solat (Idulfitri), maka ia adalah zakat yang di terima dan sesiapa yang mengeluarkannya sesudah solat (Idulfitri), maka ia dinilai sebagai sati sedekah dari sedekah-sedekah biasa.” (Riwayat Abu Daud)

Hadis ini menjelaskan, jika zakat fitrah dikeluarkan selepas solat hari raya, maka ia bukan lagi zakat fitrah tetapi sedekah biasa. Sementara itu, Imam al-Syafie Radhiallahu Anhu berkata: “Mendahulukan zakat fitrah itu dari awal bulan Ramadhan.”

Berdasarkan laporan agihan zakat fitrah di Negeri Selangor, pada tahun 2018 sebanyak RM35.08 juta telah diagihkan kepada 50,023 penerima dari kalangan fakir dan miskin di Negeri ini sebagai persiapan mereka menyambut Ramadhan dan Hari Raya Idulfitri.

Sesungguhnya seseorang yang mengeluarkan zakat jelas menunjukkan rasa bersyukur kepada nikmat dan rezeki yang dikurniakan Allah SWT kepada mereka.

Melalui amalan berzakat, Islam telah dapat mewujudkan satu sistem kemasyarakatan yang terbaik di mana sifat tolong menolong antara golongan yang berharta dengan golongan miskin dapat diwujudkan

Antara hikmah kewajipan zakat fitrah ialah:

1. Allah SWT menjanjikan keberkatan, pertambahan rezeki dan ganjaran pahala kepada mereka yang menunaikan zakat fitrah.

2. Berzakat dapat mengikis sikap sombong, bakhil dan mementingkan diri sendiri.

Sedangkan sifat bakhil itu amat dibenci oleh Nabi SAW sepertimana hadis daripada Abu Hurairah Radhiallahu Anhu bahawa Rasulullah SAW bersabda: “Orang yang bakhil jauh daripada Allah, jauh dari syurga, jauh dari manusia dan hampir dengan neraka.” (Riwayat at-Tirmizi).

3. Zakat fitrah yang ditunaikan dapat memberi kebahagiaan terutamanya kegembiraan untuk menyambut hari raya dan menghilangkan kesusahan kepada golongan fakir dan miskin.

Ini berdasarkan hadis daripada Abu Hurairah Radhiallahu Anhu bahawa Rasulullah SAW bersabda:“Dan siapa yang memudahkan orang yang sedang dalam kesusahan nescaya Allah akan memudahkanmya di dunia dan akhirat.” (Riwayat ibnu Majah)

Sebagai ingatan bersama juga, disamping zakat fitrah, janganlah lupa untuk menunaikan zakat harta apabila telah cukup syarat-syaratnya.

Ambillah peluang yang Allah berikan di bulan yang mulia ini untuk merebut ganjaran pahala yang berganda dengan melaksanakan kewajipan zakat terhadap pendapatan, wang simpanan, emas, perniagaan atau pertanian dan lain-lain.

Semoga dengan amalan tersebut, Allah menambahkan lagi rezeki dan keberkatan dalam kehidupan kita.

Mengakhiri khutbah pada hari yang penuh barakah ini, marilah kita mengambil pengajaran seperti berikut

1. Umat Islam wajib meyakini bahawa segala perintah Allah wajib dilaksanakan termasuklah menunaikan zakat.

2. Umat Islam digalakkan menunaikan zakat fitrah di awal Ramadhan supaya dapat dimanfaatkan oleh penerimanya semasa berpuasa dan di hari raya..

3. Umat Islam juga hendaklah menunaikan zakat harta apabila telah cukup syarat-syaratnya.

4. Umat Islam hendaklah memperbanyakkan bersedekah dan berzakat pada bulan Ramadhan yang mulia ini kerana ganjaran pahalanya amat besar menanti di akhirat kelak

“Sesungguhnya berjayalah orang-orang yang beriman. Iaitu mereka yang khusyuk dalam sembahyangnya. Dan mereka yang menjauhkan diri dari perbuatan dan perkataan yang sia-sia. Dan mereka yang berusaha membersihkan hartanya (dengan menunaikan zakat harta itu);.” (al-Mukminun : 1-4).

Friday Sermon Text: Wisdom From The Battle Of Badar

Friday Sermon Text: 25 May 2018AD / 9 Ramadan 1439H, JAWI

"Wisdom From The Battle Of Badar"

Badar Al-Kubra was the first battle fought in Islamic history. Initially, it was only a mission aimed at restricting Quraysh trade caravans from Sham to Makkah, but it turned into one of the most important battles in Islamic history. It changed the course of the development of Islam on the Arabian Peninsula.
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The battle began when Rasulullah SAW wanted to block the Quraysh caravan led by Abu Suffian. They were on their way home full of trade wares. So, it was an opportunity to regain some of the property confiscated and abandoned by Muslims during their migration or Hijrah to Madinah.

Since the mission was not of war, Rasulullah SAW did not compel the Companions to join him. Therefore, troops made up of Companions, numbering three hundred and thirteen (313), joined the mission. The troops were accompanied by two horses ridden by Zubayr bin al-Awwam on the right and Miqdad bin Aswad al-Kindi on the left, alongside 70 camels ridden in rotation.

When Abu Sufian received news of the Muslim army’s advance, he immediately asked for help from the Quraysh in Mecca to obstruct Rasulullah SAW’s mission. With that, Abu Jahal mobilised one thousand (1,000) soldiers along with one hundred (100) horses, six hundred (600) armoured troops and a large number of camels.

They advanced with great arrogance, as mentioned by Allah SWT in Surah Al Anfal verse 47:“And do not be like those who came forth from their homes insolently and to be seen by people and avert [them] from the way of Allah. And Allah is encompassing of what they do.”

If measured in terms of numbers, surely the Muslim army would have been defeated by the Quraysh army, which was three times larger. Likewise, from the point of military supplies and equipment, the Muslim army was less prepared compared to the enemy.

Nonetheless, due to great faith together with the assistance of Allah SWT, this battle ended with a great victory for the Muslim army, and even some leaders of the disbelievers were killed, including Abu Jahal. This event was stated in Surah Ali Imran, verse 123:: “And already had Allah given you victory at [the battle of] Badr while you were few in number. Then fear Allah; perhaps you will be grateful.”

Ibn Khaldun said: "Through observation of history, we will receive good guidance. It is surely lucky for those who emulate good Sunnah. But, for those who choose to repeat the dark side of history, they will surely be destroyed by Allah SWT. "

Many lessons can be derived from the historic event, for guidance of Muslims, and they include:

First: The power of faith, supplication and conviction

Second: The power of planning and management

Third: Benefits of teamwork

This event is one of the important examples of the determination and victory of Muslims in their struggle to uphold truth, even though it occurred during Ramadan.

When Ramadan arrives, various complaints and excuses are heard, such as laziness or tiredness, to the point that some of us are willing to abandon our daily obligations to work, even more so to perform other rituals and acts of worship.

Be aware, that, indeed, Ramadan demands sacrifices of the soul to elevate the teachings of Islam

In our quest to make the house of Allah SWT flourish, we also need to have great planning and strategy. This is our struggle today to uphold Islam.

The mimbar recommends that each member of the congregation must ensure that all mosque facilities are used as properly as possible.

Avoid any wastage of electricity or water.

In addition, the mimbar also encourages all parties, both committee leaders and members, to make the Go Green and Eco-Mosque campaign more effective by empowering the functions and roles of mosques and musollah through the development of environmentally friendly infrastructure, implementing green practices, enabling more Eco-Mosque education, as well as supporting the recycling campaigns.

Indeed, aspects of environmental preservation are also part of the demands of Islam, especially in places of worship.

Ending the sermon today, the mimbar would like to invite the congregation to reflect upon the following points as takeaways:

First: The Companions R.A. have shown their utmost determination to defend this sacred religion of Islam.

Second: The battle of Badar Al-Kubra was also known as the day of AlFurqan, namely a day that separated between right and wrong.

Third: Allah SWT will surely help His servants who are patient in defending His religion.

Allah SWT declared in Surah Muhammad, verse 7: “O, you who have believed, if you support Allah, He will support you and plant firmly your feet.”